President Richard M. Nixon
President Richard M Nixon
Our thirty-seventh president was born on January 9, 1913 in California. He attended Whittier College and Duke University Law School before practicing law. In World War II, Nixon served as a Navy lieutenant commander in the Pacific. After leaving the Navy, he was elected to Congress from his California district. In 1950, he was elected to Senate. Two years later he became Vice President under President Eisenhower.
After taking on major duties in the Eisenhower Administration, he was nominated for president by the Republican Party. He lost against Kennedy by a narrow margin. In 1968, he finally made it into the presidential office.
As president, some of Nixon’s major accomplishments included revenue sharing, new anticrime laws, an environmental program, and in 1969 the moon landing. Nixon also created world stability, he reduced the tension between China and the U.S.S.R., signed a treaty with Russia to limit nuclear weapons, and negotiated disengagement agreements with Israel along with its opponents Egypt and Syria. In 1972, Nixon won the presidential election by one of the largest margins in history.
After being in his second term for only a short time, the “Watergate” scandal broke out. Several administration officials resigned. After a series of unrelated scandals, Nixon’s Vice President Spiro T. Agnew resigned. Gerald R. Ford was nominated and approved for the new Vice President.
Faced with almost certain impeachment, Nixon announced on August 8, 1974 that he was resigning from the office. Richard M. Nixon became an “elder statesman” until his death on April 22, 1994.
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