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Amelia Island Lighthouse

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Amelia Island Lighthouse
South end of Amelia Island
Fernandina Beach, Florida 32034
Voice: 904-277-7350

In 1820 the Brick Lighthouse was built on south Cumberland Island, Georgia. Later, the channel shifted and mariners lobbied to have the lighthouse moved to Amelia Island. In 1838-39 the lighthouse was dismantled and rebuilt on Amelia Island by Winslow Lewis, a prominent lighthouse designer. Operations resumed in March 1839.

The Lighthouse is the oldest documented structure on Amelia Island. It is brick with a stucco exterior. It's 59 granite stairs were hand-hewn in New England.

The original light was 1500 candlepower, fueled by sperm wale oil. Later, lard oil was used because it was less expensive, easy to ship and store, and not volatile - but it had to be heated before it could be used in the lamp. Around 1875, the government switched to kerosene (also called mineral oil) to power lighthouses. It was less expensive, but dangerous to store, so oil houses were built to hold the fuel. Today, it is lit up by 1000 watt lights.



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