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President Abraham Lincoln

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President Abraham Lincoln
413 South 8th Street
Springfield, Illinois 62703
Voice: 217-523-0222

Our sixteenth president was born on February 12, 1809 outside of Hodgenville, Kentucky. When he was seven, Lincoln and his family moved to Indiana. The family suffered several deaths, but after the remarriage of Lincoln’s father, they lived there happily for several years.

In 1831, Abraham Lincoln moved to New Salem, Illinois, and lived there until 1837. In New Salem, Lincoln had several jobs that included store operating, surveying, and serving as a postmaster. He ran for the Illinois Legislature in 1832, and lost. In the following election of 1834 he did win, along with the next three elections in 1836, 1838, and 1840. He ran as a Whig until becoming a Republican in 1856. During his spare time, Lincoln studied law and eventually became a successful attorney. In 1842, he married Mary Todd and had four children.

By 1846, Abraham Lincoln had won the election for U.S. House of Representatives. After his term, he lost interest in politics and returned home. However, the Kansas-Nebraska Act renewed his interest. He ran for senate and vice-presidency unsuccessfully, and made himself well known in the country by giving speeches and took part in several debates.

Abraham Lincoln won the presidential election of 1860, even though he was not featured on several southern state ballots. Following this, several southern states seceded from the Union. Lincoln was now faced with civil war. He had only anticipated a short conflict, but the war lasted for four years. No matter what he was threatened with, Lincoln stuck to his policies and created the Emancipation Proclamation, it was set into motion on January 1, 1863. This was to free all slaves in the Confederacy. Finally in 1865, the Confederacy surrendered.

The Lincolns attended the Ford’s Theatre presentation of the play “Our American Cousin” on April 14, 1865. During the performance, John Wilkes Booth snuck into the theater to where the president was seated in and shot him the in the back of the head. Lincoln was removed from the theatre and carried to the Petersen House, where he passed away the next day. It was the first presidential assassination in American History. Abraham was buried in the Lincoln Tomb in Oak Ridge Cemetery on May 4, 1865.




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