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President Herbert Hoover

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President Herbert Hoover
West Branch, Iowa 52358
Voice: 319-643-2541

Our thirty-first president was born August 10, 1874 in Iowa. He grew up in Oregon. Hoover enrolled in Stanford University when it opened in 1891. He graduated as a mining engineer. After getting married, he went to China and lived there as a leading engineer.

A week before his 40th birthday, Hoover was in London when Germany declared war on France. He became part of a committee that helped stranded American tourists return to the United States. Hoover then became busy with the task of feeding Belgium, which had become overrun by the German Army.

After the United States entered the war, Hoover was appointed head of the Food Administration by President Wilson. Hoover managed the difficult task of keeping the Allies fed. Hoover became part of the Supreme Economic Council and the American Relief Administration. He organized several shipments of food to millions of people in central Europe, and the famine-stricken Soviet Russia. Critics wondered if he was helping Bolshevism, Hoover stated: “Twenty million people were starving. Whatever their politics, they shall be fed!”

After serving as Secretary of State under Presidents Harding and Coolidge, he became the Republican Presidential nominee in 1928. Within months of being in office, the Nation was sent into an economic depression after the stock market crashed. Hoover stated that he would keep the Federal budget balanced, cut taxes, and expand public works spending. Unfortunately, in 1931 repercussions from Europe only deepened the debt. Congress made Hoover out to be an evil and cruel man. The American people were lead to believe that he had started the depression. In the following election year, Hoover was badly defeated. By 1947, President Truman appointed Hoover to a commission to reorganize the Executive Departments. President Eisenhower appointed him to a similar commission in 1953. Herbert Hoover died in New York City on October 20, 1964 at the age of 90.




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