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President Harry S. Truman

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President Harry S. Truman
1009 Truman
Lamar, Missouri 64759

Our thirty-third president was born on May 8, 1884. He was born in Lamar, Missouri, but grew up in Independence. For 12 years, he lived as a Missouri farmer and prospered. Truman went to France during World War I in the Field Artillery as a captain. When he returned to America, he got married to Elizabeth Virginia Wallace and opened a haberdashery in Kansas City. Truman was later elected to judge of the Jackson County Court in 1922. Later, he became a Senator in 1934. After being head of the Senate war investigating committee during World War II, he saved 15 million dollars. He was elected Vice President under President Roosevelt by the Democratic Party.

After spending little time as a Vice President, Truman became president when Roosevelt died in Georgia. After Japan rejected a plea to surrender, Truman ordered that atomic bombs be dropped on cities dedicated to the war. Of these bombs, the most famous was Hiroshima. Soon after, the Japanese surrendered. By June 1945, Truman witnessed the signing of the charter of the United Nations.

America was still in depression, so Truman created a 21-point program in an attempt to relive the people of their issues. This program included an expansion of Social Security, a full-employment program, a Fair Employment Practices Act, and public housing and slum clearance. This program became known as the Fair Deal.

The next few years were filled with war. In 1947, the Soviet Union threatened to take over Greece. Truman created the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan to ensure economic recovery in Western Europe. In the following year, the Russians blocked western Berlin. Truman supplied the Berliners with airlift until the Russians backed down. In 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization was established.

The next year, North Korea and South Korea were at war with each other. During this, U.N. forces struggled to hold the line in South Korea. Truman kept the war a short one to avoid problems with China and Russia.

Harry S. Truman decided not to run again. He retired to Independence where he died at the age of 88 on December 26, 1972.



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