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President Chester Alan Arthur

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President Chester Alan Arthur
123 Lexington Avenue
New York City, New York 10259

Our twenty-first president was born on October 5, 1830 in Fairfield, Vermont the son of a Baptist preacher. He graduated from Union College in 1848. He later practiced law in New York City. In the Civil War, he served as a Quartermaster General.

In 1871, Chester Arthur was appointed Collector of the Port of New York by President Grant. By 1880, he was elected Vice President under James Garfield. Garfield died in September of 1881, leaving Arthur to become president.

During Arthur’s presidency, he passed the Pendleton Act in 1883. It was an act to establish a bipartisan Civil Service Commission, forbid levying political assessments against officeholders, and created a “classified system” to make certain Government positions obtainable only through competitive written examinations. Simply, it protected employees from getting fired for political reasons.

Arthur also signed the Tariff Act of 1883, and lowered tariff rates. Chester Arthur enacted the first general Federal immigration law. The immigration of the Chinese was then suspended for ten years. Chester Arthur re-nominated. He died in November 18, 1886 from a fatal kidney disease.



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