Buddy Holly was born Charles Hardin Holley on September 7th, 1936, in Lubbock, Texas. As a young boy, he learned how to play guitar, piano, and fiddle.
Holly formed the Western and Bop Band after high school, and regularly played on the radio and opened for bands that came through town. He was then noticed by a talent scout and signed to Decca in 1956. There, he recorded several demos and singles under the name of Buddy Holly and the Three Tunes.
On February 25th, 1957, the band lineup was revised, and was renamed the Crickets. Holly and the Crickets recorded “That’ll Be the Day”, and won a contract with Coral and Brunswick. Later in the year, it became the Number one pop hit. During 1957 and 1958, Holly and the Crickets earned seven Top Forty singles.
In October 1958, Holly and the Crickets broke up. Holly settled into Greenwich Village and married Maria Elena Santiago. Due to legal issues caused by Holly’s recording contract, Holly preformed on the Winter Dance Party in 1959. Holly and two other performers chartered a private plane to the next stop on their tour. A few minutes after it took off, it crashed into a Wheatfield. Buddy Holly died at 22 years old. The story of the crash was later immortalized in Don McLean’s “American Pie”.
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