President James Madison
President James Madison
The forth president was born on March 16, 1751, in Orange County, Virginia. He attended the college Princeton, known then as the college of New Jersey.
In 1776, Madison served in the Virginia State Legislature. During this time, he helped Thomas Jefferson write the draft of the Declaration of Religious Freedom. His term ended in 1779. Afterward, Madison became a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1780. During this time, he drafted the Virginia Plan, which later became the basis for the American Constitution of today.
James Madison joined Alexander Hamilton and John Jay in writing the Federalist Papers. Madison completed page number ten. Madisonís political career continued as he was elected to the United States House of Representatives. During his time as a representative, he became the author of a new specific Bill of Rights. The first ten amendments were completed in December 1791, known as the Bill of Rights. All ten amendments were voted and passed, but unfortunately, the Rights were not fully put into use until amendments 14 and 15 were created and passed.
In 1808, James Madison was elected president after defeating Charles Cotesworth Pinckney in a presidential election. During his presidency, he established a new Bank of the United States in 1816, and made William Jones the bankís president.
Madisonís major political victory was to establish peace between the U.S. and Britain and Canada. This victory was the result of the War of 1812, in which the British Forces were at war with France. With America having trade agreements with both Britain and France, the United Kingdom became outraged. British Forces then seized American Trade Ships, and war broke out.
After peace was established, Madison continued the rest of his presidential term in peace. He later retired in 1817, to his tobacco plantation, Montpelier, in Virginia. At sixty-five years of age, Madison found his financial troubles and deteriorating mental and physical health start to eat away at him. In 1829, James Madison was chosen as a representative in the Constitutional Convention. This was to become the last time Madison was to appear as a Legislator and Constitutional Draftsman.
After several years, Madison died on June 28, 1836, in his home of Montpelier.
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