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President Thomas Jefferson

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President Thomas Jefferson
931 Thomas Jefferson Parkway
Monticello, Virginia 22902
Voice: 434-984-9822

President Thomas Jefferson

Our third president was Thomas Jefferson. He was born on April 13, 1743 in Goochland County, Virginia. In 1752, he began public school. When he turned 14, his father died, leaving him with over 5,000 acres of land and dozens of slaves. He used this land to build his home, Monticello.

In 1760, Thomas Jefferson began college in the College of William and Mary. He graduated at highest honors in 1762 and began to study the law. In 1776, he was admitted to the Virginia Bar.

Thomas Jefferson served in the Virginia House of Burgesses. He wrote A Summery View of the Rights of British America. This marked Jefferson as one of the most thoughtful patriot spokesmen. He was then unanimously elected the primary author of the Declaration of Independence.

In September of 1776, he was elected to the new Virginia House of Delegates. There, he wrote 126 bills, which included laws that established freedom of religion and formed the Judicial System.

Then, he was elected the Governor of Virginia which lasted from 1779-1781. While he was governor, Virginia was invaded twice by British soldiers, which almost captured Jefferson. He was never again elected to office in Virginia.

In 1789, Jefferson was appointed to Secretary of State by George Washington. After being dissatisfied with George Washington, he later resigned on December 31, 1793.

After resigning, he spent three years at home retired. During this time, he farmed and experimented with several of his inventions.

Thomas Jefferson ran against John Adams in a presidential candidacy. Adams won by only a very few electoral votes, in which the system allowed Jefferson to become Vice President. After the XYZ affair, though, Jefferson became president in the following election.

During Jefferson's presidency, he dispatched the famous Lewis and Clark expedition. This expedition became successful, after Lewis and Clark returned after exploring the continent.

Jefferson retired after leaving the presidential office. He designed the University of Virginia, which is in Charleston. He died on July 4, 1826 in his home, Monticello.



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