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President Woodrow Wilson

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President Woodrow Wilson
18-24 North Coalter Street
Staunton, Virginia 24402
Voice: 540-885-0897

Our twenty-eighth president was born on December 28, 1856 in Virginia. He lived in Augusta, Georgia during the Civil War, and saw its tragedy first hand. In the reconstruction period, he moved to Columbia, South Carolina. Wilson graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton) and the University of Virginia Law School. He then earned his doctorate at Johns Hopkins University, and entered an academic career.

Wilson became a conservative professor of political science, and later the president of Princeton in 1902. He soon developed a reputation among the conservative democrats, who convinced him to run for Governor of New Jersey in 1910. He was elected, and two years later he was running for president.

Although Wilson only had 42 percent of the popular vote, he had the majority of electoral votes. His first accomplishment was the creation and approval of three major pieces of legislation. First was a lower tariff. Second was the Underwood Act. Third was the Federal Reserve Act, which gave the country a larger money supply that was badly needed. By 1914, a Federal Trade Commission to prohibit unfair business practices was applied.

By the end of Woodrow Wilsonís first term, he had created two additional laws. One was to ban child labor, and the other was to limit railroad workers to an eight hour day. He narrowly won a second term.

In Wilsonís second term, he decided that America could not remain neutral in World War I. On April 2, 1917 he called on Congress to declare war on Germany. The effort of American solders gave the allies an advantage they needed. In 1918, the Versailles Treaty was presented, sadly the treaty failed. Wilson went on a national tour to convince people to support the treaty. During his tour he suffered a stroke and nearly died. He was nursed back to health by his second wife, and lived until February 3, 1924.



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